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The administrative city and state cover 750 km² with 1.8 million inhabitants and another 0.8 million live in urban areas in its neighbourhood. The city’s name comes from the first permanent building, a castle built on rocky ground in a marsh between the Alster and the Elbe as a defence against Slavic incursion in 808 AD. It was named Hammaburg, where "burg" means "castle".
Some town attractions make Hamburg a popular tourist place. Tourism actually plays an important role in its economy and places like the harbour get 8million visitors per year.
The most important economic basis for the town is the harbor, followed by aerospace industry and the media business.
There are about 1.8 million people living in Hamburg. According to the statistics 37 % of the population are Protestant, 10 % Catholic, 8 % Muslim, 40 % are none. 80% are white and 20 % are other or mixed. About 260.000 inhabitants are between 0 and 17 years old, about 1.2 million inhabitants are between 18-65 years old and about 340.000 inhabitants are above 65 years old.
The original language of Hamburg as elsewhere in Northern Germany is Low German (Low Saxon).
Hamburg is the most important railway junction on the route to Northern Europe and its airport is the oldest still working airport in Germany. The local public transportation of the city is well organized by a Verkehrsverbund. This is a joint venture of all public transport companies which service the area. For Hamburg this is the HVV (Hamburger Verkehrsverbund). The HVV is not only the most popular choice of public transportation, it is as well one of the most modern in the world by using more and more hydrogen busses. The hydrogen buses are using the new fuel cell technology and do not have any harmful emissions. Only water steam is released.
Hamburg has got many ferry lines along the river Elbe. The biggest cruising ship in the world the "Queen Mary 2" is sailing to and from the Hamburg port using the narrow river Elbe and staying right in the heart of the city.
Hamburg has many channels, which are crossed by over 2300 bridges, which is more than what Amsterdam and Venice have together.
Travel to Hamburg and visit all the attractions it has to offer.
See also the category: "Sight Seeing"